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Violation Tracker Current Parent Company Summary

Current Parent Company Name: KKR & Co.
Ownership Structure: publicly traded (ticker symbol KKR)
Headquartered in: New York
Major Industry: private equity (including portfolio companies)
Specific Industry: private equity (including portfolio companies)
Penalty total since 2000$453,233,096
Number of records: 203
Top 5 Offense Groups (Groups Defined)Penalty TotalNumber of Records
competition-related offenses$184,258,99713
government-contracting-related offenses$179,285,62917
consumer-protection-related offenses$44,794,95021
financial offenses$30,044,0303
healthcare-related offenses$6,228,2833
Top 5 Primary Offense TypesPenalty TotalNumber of Records
False Claims Act and related$179,285,62917
price-fixing or anti-competitive practices$168,608,9979
insurance violation$42,494,95020
investor protection violation$30,000,0001
kickbacks and bribery$14,150,0003
Notes: Parent-subsidiary linkages are based on relationships current as of the latest revision listed in the Update Log, which may vary from what was the case when a violation occurred. The penalty totals are adjusted to account for the fact that the individual entries below may include both agency records and settlement announcements for the same case; or else a penalty covering multiple locations may be listed in the individual records for each of the facilities. The totals are also adjusted to reflect cases in which federal and state or local agencies cooperated and issued separate announcements of the outcome. Duplicate or overlapping penalty amounts are marked with an asterisk in the list below.

Links: Subsidy Tracker data on financial assistance to this company by federal, state and local government agencies can be found here.

Individual Penalty Records:

Click on the company or penalty amount for more information on each case.

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CompanyPrimary Offense TypeYearAgencyPenalty Amount sort icon
Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P.price-fixing or anti-competitive practices2015private lawsuit-federal$108,333,333
First Allmerica Financial Life Insurance Companyinsurance violation2018NY-DFS$40,000,000
21st Century Oncology Inc.False Claims Act and related2016DOJ_CIVIL$34,700,000
PharMerica Corp.False Claims Act and related2015DOJ_CIVIL$31,500,000
Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.investor protection violation2015SEC$30,000,000
EmCare Inc.False Claims Act and related2017DOJ_CIVIL$29,600,000
21st Century OncologyFalse Claims Act and related2017DOJ_CIVIL$26,000,000
Simon and Schuster Inc.price-fixing or anti-competitive practices2013MULTI-AG$20,641,666
21st Century Oncology LLCFalse Claims Act and related2015USAO$19,750,000
1-800 Contacts Inc.price-fixing or anti-competitive practices2020private lawsuit-federal$15,100,000
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2018private lawsuit-federal$11,121,840
PharMerica Corp.kickbacks and bribery2015DOJ_CIVIL$9,250,000
American Medical Response Inc.False Claims Act and related2006DOJ_CIVIL$9,000,000
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2019private lawsuit-federal$7,920,000
PharMerica Drug Systems Inc.HHS civil monetary penalties2005HHSOIG$5,975,000
ResCare Iowa Inc.False Claims Act and related2015DOJ_CIVIL$5,630,000
Rural/Metro Corporation, Rural/Metro of Central Alabama, Inc., and Mercury Ambulance Service, Inc. dba Rural/Metro AmbulanceFalse Claims Act and related2012USAO$5,426,000
Rural/Metro CorporationFalse Claims Act and related2012USAO$5,400,000
PharMerica Inc.kickbacks and bribery2022MULTI-AG$4,900,000
American Medical Response Inc.False Claims Act and related2011USAO$2,700,000
Rural/Metro CorporationFalse Claims Act and related2007DOJ_CIVIL$2,500,000
PharmericaFalse Claims Act and related2015USAO$2,500,000
PharMerica Corp.kickbacks and bribery2015MULTI-AG(*)Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting. $2,500,000
21st Century Oncology, Inc.privacy violation2017HHSOCR$2,300,000
ResCare Inc.False Claims Act and related2005TX-AG$2,150,000
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2019private lawsuit-federal$1,980,000
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2019private lawsuit-federal$1,764,509
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2019private lawsuit-federal$1,627,534
Barracuda Network, Inc. and Barracuda Networks, Ltd.export control violation2015BIS$1,500,000
Accordia Life and Annuity Companyinsurance violation2021TX-INS$1,450,000
Rural/Metro Corporationwage and hour violation2011WHD$1,109,697
RESCARE, INC. D/B/A VOCA CORPORATION OF AMERICAlabor relations violation2003NLRB$900,000
Res-Care, Inc.employment screening violation2015private lawsuit-federal$840,000
Rural/Metro CorporationFalse Claims Act and related2021USAO$650,000
American Medical Response of ConnecticutFalse Claims Act and related2022CT-AG$601,759
American Medical Response of Connecticut Inc.False Claims Act and related2022USAO$601,759
ResCare Inc.False Claims Act and related2023WV-AG$576,111
Boasso America Inc.environmental violation2017USAO$500,000
EmCare Inc.employment discrimination2014EEOC$499,000
Marelli Tennessee USA, LLCemployment discrimination2020EEOC$335,000
Accordia Life and Annuity Companyinsurance violation2020MN-FIN$300,000
PharMerica CorporationControlled Substances Act violation2014USAO$213,283
Circor Aerospace, Inc.aviation safety violation2012FAA$205,250
American Medical Response Ambulance Service, Inc.employment discrimination2020EEOC$162,500
Envision Healthcare Holdings, Inc.employment screening violation2017private lawsuit-federal$155,000
RSCR West Virginia, Incwage and hour violation2015WHD$139,960
Accordia Life and Annuity Companyinsurance violation2021MD-INS$131,350
Accordia Life And Annuity Companyinsurance violation2018WA-INS$130,000
Calsonic Kansei Corporationprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2019private lawsuit-federal$120,115
Accordia Life and Annuity Companyinsurance violation2019SD-INS$120,000
Circor Energy Products, Inc.wage and hour violation2017WHD$118,278
American Medical Response of Mass., Inc.wage and hour violation2006WHD$110,075
ResCare Services, Inc.wage and hour violation2010WHD$109,846
American Medical Response of Connecticutlabor relations violation2016NLRB$109,750
LCY Elastomers, L.C.environmental violation2017EPA$99,000
Forethought Life Insurance violation2019DE-INS$98,000
ResCare HomeCare Spokaneemployment discrimination2013OFCCP$92,059
Professional Medical Transportlabor relations violation2008NLRB$88,759
Hohman Plating and Mfg., Inc.environmental violation2003OH-ENV$86,800
Rural/Metro of Greater Seattle, Inc.wage and hour violation2008WHD$79,989
Lcy Elastomers LPenvironmental violation2022TX-ENV$79,503
Res-Carewage and hour violation2018WHD$79,275
Lcy Elastomers LPenvironmental violation2018TX-ENV$78,750
CIRCOR AEROSPACE INCaviation safety violation2012FAA$75,000
CIRCOR AEROSPACE INCaviation safety violation2018FAA$75,000
Res-Care, Inc.wage and hour violation2004WHD$74,334
Marelli Tennessee USA LLCenvironmental violation2016TN-ENV$73,500
American Medical Response of Oklahoma, Inc.labor relations violation2003NLRB$67,500
Magnetti Marellienvironmental violation2003NC-ENV$61,650
REFRESCO BEVERAGES US INCworkplace safety or health violation2023OSHA$55,806
Rural/Metro Corporation of Floridaemployment discrimination2021EEOC$55,000
WHITLOCK PACKAGING CORPORATIONworkplace safety or health violation2014OSHA$53,800
REFRESCO NORTH AMERenvironmental violation2011PA-ENV$51,287
Forethought Life Insurance Companyinsurance violation2022CT-INS$51,000
Accordia Life and Annuity violation2019AZ-DIFI$50,000
American Medical Response, NW (Josephine County Oregon)labor relations violation2004NLRB$48,783
Accordia Life and Annuity violation2018MD-INS$48,600
ResCare of Oklahoma Inc.wage and hour violation2011WHD$48,275
American Medical Response NW (A Laidlaw Corporation)labor relations violation2002NLRB$46,700
WHITLOCK PACKAGING CORPORATIONworkplace safety or health violation2014OSHA$46,200
LCY ELASTOMERS LPworkplace safety or health violation2018OSHA$41,869
RSCR California INCwage and hour violation2014WHD$41,519
American Medical Response Mid-Atlantic, Inc.labor relations violation2022NLRB$41,104
Boasso America Corporationwage and hour violation2011WHD$40,512
RSCR West Virginia, Inc.wage and hour violation2015WHD$40,455
Mercury Ambulance Service, Inc. d/b/a Rural/MetroControlled Substances Act violation2013USAO$40,000
American Medical Response of Tennessee, Inc.employment discrimination2019EEOC$40,000
Barracuda Networks, Inc.economic sanction violation2015OFAC$38,930
Marelli North Americaenvironmental violation2014TN-ENV$38,700
Res Care, Incwage and hour violation2006WHD$36,384
American Medical Response (AMR)labor relations violation2007NLRB$35,000
American Medical Responselabor relations violation2005NLRB$35,000
LASALLE AMBULANCE, INC. DBA RURAL METRO MEDICALworkplace safety or health violation2003OSHA$35,000
Lifefleet Southeast, Inc.wage and hour violation2011WHD$34,004
BOASSO AMERICA CORPORATIONenvironmental violation2014EPA$30,483
Accordia Life & Annuity violation2022KS-INS$30,000
REFRESCO BEVERAGES US INC.workplace safety or health violation2021OSHA$30,000
ResCarewage and hour violation2004WHD$29,845
American Medical Response of Mass.wage and hour violation2006WHD$28,444
Rural/Metro of San Diego, Inc.wage and hour violation2010WHD$28,196
REFRESCO NORTH AMERenvironmental violation2014PA-ENV$28,140
(*): Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting.