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Violation Tracker Current Parent Company Summary

Current Parent Company Name: Linde
Ownership Structure: publicly traded (ticker symbol NYSE: LIN)
Headquartered in: United Kingdom
Major Industry: industrial services
Specific Industry: industrial gas
Penalty total since 2000$170,074,515
Number of records: 127
Top 5 Offense Groups (Groups Defined)Penalty TotalNumber of Records
government-contracting-related offenses$85,413,4729
competition-related offenses$70,252,5003
healthcare-related offenses$10,000,0001
environment-related offenses$2,856,07440
safety-related offenses$1,056,06062
Top 5 Primary Offense TypesPenalty TotalNumber of Records
False Claims Act and related$85,317,0007
energy market violation$59,000,0001
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act$11,235,0001
HHS civil monetary penalties$10,000,0001
environmental violation$1,561,47225
Notes: Parent-subsidiary linkages are based on relationships current as of the latest revision listed in the Update Log, which may vary from what was the case when a violation occurred. The penalty totals are adjusted to account for the fact that the individual entries below may include both agency records and settlement announcements for the same case; or else a penalty covering multiple locations may be listed in the individual records for each of the facilities. The totals are also adjusted to reflect cases in which federal and state or local agencies cooperated and issued separate announcements of the outcome. Duplicate or overlapping penalty amounts are marked with an asterisk in the list below.

Links: Subsidy Tracker data on financial assistance to this company by federal, state and local government agencies can be found here.

Individual Penalty Records:

Click on the company or penalty amount for more information on each case.

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CompanyPrimary Offense TypeYearAgencyPenalty Amount sort icon
Linde market violation2024FERC$59,000,000
Lincare Holdings, Inc.False Claims Act and related2023USAO$29,000,000
Lincare Inc.False Claims Act and related2024USAO$25,500,000
Linde GmbHFalse Claims Act and related2020DOJ_CIVIL$22,200,000
Linde North America Inc.Foreign Corrupt Practices Act2017DOJ_CRIMINAL$11,235,000
Lincare Inc.HHS civil monetary penalties2006HHSOIG$10,000,000
Lincare, Inc.False Claims Act and related2018USAO$5,250,000
Lincare Inc.False Claims Act and related2001DOJ_CIVIL$3,150,000
Sermatech International Inc.air pollution violation2010CA-SCAQMD$750,000
Praxair, Inc.environmental violation2005AZ-DEQ$550,000
Linde Inc.environmental violation2009EPA$496,950
Lincare, Inc.privacy violation2016HHSOCR$239,800
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2017FRA$150,000
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2017FRA$150,000
Lincare, Inc.False Claims Act and related2001MA-AG$127,000
Praxair Inc.environmental violation2021EPA$127,000
Liz Leadermanair pollution violation2021EPA$127,000
Praxair Distributionpesticide violation2013CA-DPR$112,000
LINDE GAS NORTH AMERICAair pollution violation2016EPA$111,707
Lincare, Inc.False Claims Act and related2001NH-AG$90,000
Lincare Holdings, Inc.wage and hour violation2017WHD$76,319
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2017FRA$75,000
Linde, Incfederal leasing royalty violation2013ONRR$73,072
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$67,830
Praxair Distribution, Inc.labor relations violation2007NLRB$48,000
NuCo2, INC.labor relations violation2000NLRB$45,000
Linde Gas North America LLCenvironmental violation2011TX-ENV$44,520
BOC GASESpipeline safety violation2018PHMSA$43,200
Praxairenvironmental violation2013LA-ENV$43,000
PRAXAIR, INC.environmental violation2015EPA$41,071
LINCARE INC.aviation safety violation2018FAA$40,500
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$35,910
BOC Gasesrailroad safety violation2003FRA$34,500
Linde Inc.environmental violation2021TX-ENV$33,750
Linde Inc.air pollution violation2023IN-ENV$33,000
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2011FRA$30,000
PRAXAIR DISTRIBUTION INC.workplace safety or health violation2019OSHA$26,521
Sermatech International Inc. dba Sermatech Klockenvironmental violation2001CT-ENV$25,000
Praxair Inc.air pollution violation2006CA-SCAQMD$25,000
Linde Gas North America LLCenvironmental violation2016TX-ENV$24,960
NuCo2labor relations violation2003NLRB$23,898
Linde, Incfederal leasing royalty violation2013ONRR$23,400
SERMATECH INTERNATIONAL, INC.workplace safety or health violation2009OSHA$20,775
PRAXAIR DISTRIBUTION, INC.workplace safety or health violation2020OSHA$20,653
Lindepipeline safety violation2024PHMSA$20,400
Lincare, Inc.Americans with Disabilities Act2019USAO$20,000
Linde Gas, LLCenvironmental violation2005EPA$20,000
LINDE HYDRAULICS CORPORATIONworkplace safety or health violation2014OSHA$18,655
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$17,900
Sermatech International Inc.export control violation2005BIS$17,500
Praxair, Inc.environmental violation2005TX-ENV$16,560
Linde Gas North America LLCenvironmental violation2018TX-ENV$16,100
PRAXAIR INCair pollution violation2008NJ-ENV$15,400
Linde Inc.environmental violation2023LA-ENV$14,500
PRAXAIR DISTRIBUTION, INC. (SB)environmental violation2010EPA$14,468
PRAXAIR INCair pollution violation2005NJ-ENV$13,600
PRAXAIR SURFACE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.workplace safety or health violation2000OSHA$13,000
PRAXAIR INCworkplace safety or health violation2018OSHA$13,000
NUCO2, INC.workplace safety or health violation2005OSHA$12,600
PRAXAIR DISTRIBUTION, INC.environmental violation2001EPA$12,045
BOC Gaseslabor relations violation2007NLRB$12,000
Linde Gas North America, LLCair pollution violation2009AL-ENV$12,000
PRAXAIR INC.workplace safety or health violation2011OSHA$12,000
PRAXAIR, INC.air pollution violation2023CA-SCAQMD$11,100
Linde Gas of Puerto Rico Inc.railroad safety violation2006FRA$10,500
PRAXAIR, INCworkplace safety or health violation2014OSHA$10,500
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2011FRA$10,000
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2011FRA$10,000
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2012FRA$10,000
Praxair Inc.railroad safety violation2003FRA$10,000
Praxair Inc.railroad safety violation2006FRA$10,000
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2017FRA$10,000
PRAXAIR SERVICES INCenvironmental violation2022NJ-ENV$10,000
Praxair Inc.railroad safety violation2002FRA$9,750
Linde Gas North America LLCenvironmental violation2015TX-ENV$9,664
Linde Gas, L.L.C.environmental violation2004TX-ENV$9,480
PRAXAIR DISTRIBUTION INCmotor vehicle safety violation2006FMCSA$9,090
PRAXAIR INCaviation safety violation2011FAA$9,000
BOC Group Inc. (BOC Gases)environmental violation2004EPA$8,959
Linde Gas North America LLCenvironmental violation2011TX-ENV$8,895
BOC Gasesenvironmental violation2003EPA$8,800
Praxair Surface Technologies, Inc.environmental violation2021IN-ENV$8,750
PRAXAIR, INC.railroad safety violation2018FRA$8,500
BOC - DIVISION OF LINDE GROUPrailroad safety violation2011FRA$8,000
PRAXAIR INCpipeline safety violation2005PHMSA$8,000
SERMATECH KLOCKworkplace safety or health violation2002OSHA$7,900
Praxai Distributionemployment discrimination2011OFCCP$7,800
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$7,750
BOC GASESrailroad safety violation2011FRA$7,700
BOC Gasesrailroad safety violation2007FRA$7,500
LINDE PROCESS PLANTS, INC.workplace safety or health violation2011OSHA$7,500
PRAXAIR PUERTO RICO BVmotor vehicle safety violation2009FMCSA$7,450
BOCpesticide violation2007CA-DPR$7,195
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$7,100
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$7,000
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2016FRA$7,000
Linde North America, Inc.railroad safety violation2018FRA$7,000
Linde LLC.wage and hour violation2010WHD$6,870
NUCO2 INCORPORATEDworkplace safety or health violation2007OSHA$6,666
BOC Gasesrailroad safety violation2003FRA$6,500
LINDE GAS NORTH AMERICA LLCworkplace safety or health violation2018OSHA$6,467
(*): Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting.