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Violation Tracker Current Parent Company Summary

Current Parent Company Name: Merck KGaA (EMD)
Ownership Structure: publicly traded
Headquartered in: Germany
Major Industry: pharmaceuticals
Specific Industry: pharmaceuticals
Penalty total since 2000$770,644,847
Number of records: 37
Top 5 Offense Groups (Groups Defined)Penalty TotalNumber of Records
healthcare-related offenses$704,000,0002
government-contracting-related offenses$44,300,0002
competition-related offenses$18,079,4544
environment-related offenses$4,086,87215
safety-related offenses$147,77112
Top 5 Primary Offense TypesPenalty TotalNumber of Records
off-label or unapproved promotion of medical products$704,000,0002
False Claims Act and related$44,300,0002
price-fixing or anti-competitive practices$16,275,4542
environmental violation$4,086,87215
export control violation$1,804,0002
Notes: Parent-subsidiary linkages are based on relationships current as of the latest revision listed in the Update Log, which may vary from what was the case when a violation occurred. The penalty totals are adjusted to account for the fact that the individual entries below may include both agency records and settlement announcements for the same case; or else a penalty covering multiple locations may be listed in the individual records for each of the facilities. The totals are also adjusted to reflect cases in which federal and state or local agencies cooperated and issued separate announcements of the outcome. Duplicate or overlapping penalty amounts are marked with an asterisk in the list below.

Links: Subsidy Tracker data on financial assistance to this company by federal, state and local government agencies can be found here.

For an overview of assistance this company is receiving under the CARES Act, see its Covid Stimulus Watch summary page here.

Individual Penalty Records:

Click on the company or penalty amount for more information on each case.

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CompanyPrimary Offense TypeYearAgencyPenalty Amount sort icon .
Serono, S.A.off-label or unapproved promotion of medical products2005FDA$704,000,000
Serono Inc.off-label or unapproved promotion of medical products2005MULTI-AG(*)Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting. $262,000,000
Serono Laboratories Inc.False Claims Act and related2011DOJ_CIVIL$44,300,000
EMD Serono, Inc.False Claims Act and related2011MULTI-AG(*)Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting. $44,300,000
Merck KgaAprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2000DOJ_ANTITRUST$14,000,000
EMD Millipore Corporationenvironmental violation2013EPA$2,681,500
EMD MILLLIPORE CORPenvironmental violation2013EPA(*)Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting. $2,681,500
Merck KGaAprice-fixing or anti-competitive practices2009MULTI-AG$2,275,454
Sigma Aldrich Research Biochemicals Inc.export control violation2002BIS$1,760,000
MILLIPORE CORPenvironmental violation2010EPA$526,500
EMD Millipore Corp.environmental violation2017EPA$385,000
EMD MILLIPORE CORPORATIONenvironmental violation2017EPA(*)Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting. $385,000
Sigma Aldrich Co.environmental violation2004USAO$180,000
research organicsenvironmental violation2003EPA$159,672
SIGMA ALDRICH MFG LLCenvironmental violation2007EPA$55,000
EMD Chemicals, Inc.export control violation2007BIS$44,000
EMD Chemicals Inc.environmental violation2005OH-ENV$32,000
EMD Chemicals Inc.environmental violation2008OH-ENV$30,700
SIGMA-ALDRICHaviation safety violation2011FAA$30,000
SIGMA-ALDRICHworkplace safety or health violation2018OSHA$23,632
Aldrich Chemical Company LLCtax violations2017ATTTB$22,500
MILLIPORE CORPORATIONaviation safety violation2010FAA$15,000
EMD CHEMICALS INCORPORATEDmotor vehicle safety violation2004FMCSA$13,170
SIGMA-ALDRICH MANUFACTURINGenvironmental violation2014IL-ENV$12,500
SIGMA-ALDRICHaviation safety violation2013FAA$11,000
EMD MILLIPORE CORPORATIONworkplace safety or health violation2021OSHA$10,240
SIGMA-ALDRICH CORPORATIONworkplace safety or health violation2012OSHA$10,115
MILLIPORE, CIDRA, INC.environmental violation2000EPA$9,000
EMD Chemicals, Inc.economic sanction violation2007OFAC$8,250
SIGMA-ALDRICH INCaviation safety violation2013FAA$8,000
EMD CHEMICALS INCORPORATEDmotor vehicle safety violation2006FMCSA$7,614
ALDRICH CHEMICALaviation safety violation2016FAA$7,500
ALDRICH CHEMICALaviation safety violation2010FAA$6,500
SIGMA-ALDRICH, INCaviation safety violation2017FAA$5,000
EM INDUSTRIES, INC.environmental violation2000EPA$5,000
Aldrich Chemicalenvironmental violation2018EPA$5,000
Aldrich Chemical, LLCenvironmental violation2018EPA$5,000
(*): Penalty amounts marked by an asterisk are ones announced by more than one agency. Parent penalty totals are adjusted to avoid double-counting.