Violation Tracker Summary for Primary Offense Type

Offense Type: 
energy market manipulation
Penalty Total since 2000: 
$7,471,038,507
Number of Penalty Records: 
51
Note: 
The totals here are adjusted to account for the fact that each parent's entries may include both agency records and settlement announcements for the same case; or else a penalty covering multiple locations may be listed in the individual records for each of the facilities. They are also adjusted to reflect cases in which federal and state or local agencies cooperated and issued separate announcements of the outcome. Duplicate or overlapping penalty amounts are marked with an asterisk in the individual records list below.

Top 10 Parent CompaniesTotal Penalty $Number of Records
Enron$1,955,000,0003
Kinder Morgan$1,470,000,0003
NRG Energy$1,262,400,0005
BC Hydro$750,000,0001
Williams Companies$432,000,0002
JPMorgan Chase$410,000,0001
BP$306,000,0002
Vistra Energy$286,500,0002
Duke Energy$238,000,0003
Barclays$105,000,0001


Individual Penalty Records:

Click on the company or penalty amount for more information on each case. Click on the parent name to reach the summary page for that parent company.
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Company Parent Parent Major Industry Yearsort icon Agency Penalty Amount
Avista Energy Avista utilities and power generation 2001 CFTC $2,100,000
Dynegy Marketing & Trade (Dynegy) and West Coast Power LLC Vistra Energy utilities and power generation 2002 CFTC $5,000,000
Williams Energy Marketing & Trading Williams Companies oil and gas 2002 MULTI-AG $417,000,000
CMS Marketing Services & Trading and CMS Field Services   2003 CFTC $16,000,000
Reliant Energy Services, Inc. NRG Energy utilities and power generation 2003 CFTC $18,000,000
Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C. Duke Energy utilities and power generation 2003 CFTC $28,000,000
Enserco Energy, Inc.   2003 CFTC $3,000,000
WD Energy Services, Inc   2003 CFTC $20,000,000
El Paso Merchant Energy, L.P. Kinder Morgan pipelines 2003 CFTC $20,000,000
Duke Energy Duke Energy utilities and power generation 2003 FERC $2,500,000
El Paso Corporation Kinder Morgan pipelines 2003 MULTI-AG $1,450,000,000
Williams Companies, Inc. Williams Companies oil and gas 2003 OR-AG $15,000,000
El Paso Corporation Kinder Morgan pipelines 2003 CA-LBCA (*) $17,000,000
BP Energy Company BP oil and gas 2003 FERC $3,000,000
Mirant Americas Energy Marketing LP NRG Energy utilities and power generation 2004 CFTC $12,500,000
Enron Corp. Enron utilities and power generation 2004 CFTC $35,000,000
Aquila Merchant Services   2004 CFTC $26,500,000
e prime, Inc. Xcel Energy utilities and power generation 2004 CFTC $16,000,000
Duke Energy Duke Energy utilities and power generation 2004 MULTI-AG $207,500,000
Dynegy Vistra Energy utilities and power generation 2004 CA-AG $281,500,000
Enron Enron utilities and power generation 2005 MULTI-AG $1,520,000,000
Mirant Corporation NRG Energy utilities and power generation 2005 CA-AG $749,700,000
Reliant Energy, Inc. NRG Energy utilities and power generation 2005 MULTI-AG $460,000,000
Enron Power Marketing Inc. Enron utilities and power generation 2006 FERC $400,000,000
Sempra Energy Corporation Sempra Energy utilities and power generation 2006 NV-AG $30,000,000
BP Products North America Inc. BP oil and gas 2007 CFTC $303,000,000
Marathon Petroleum Company Marathon Petroleum oil and gas 2007 CFTC $1,000,000
Concord Energy, LLC   2007 CFTC $800,000
Reliant Energy Services Inc. NRG Energy utilities and power generation 2007 USAO $22,200,000
Energy Transfer Partners, L.P. Energy Transfer pipelines 2008 CFTC $10,000,000
Amaranth Advisors, L.L.C. and Amaranth Advisors (Calgary) ULC   2009 CFTC $7,500,000
Energy Transfer Partners, L.P. Energy Transfer pipelines 2009 FERC $30,000,000
Amaranth Advisors et al.   2009 FERC $7,500,000
Deutsche Bank Energy Trading LL Deutsche Bank financial services 2013 FERC $1,670,000
JP Morgan Ventures Energy Corporation JPMorgan Chase financial services 2013 FERC $410,000,000
Powerex BC Hydro utilities and power generation 2013 CA-AG $750,000,000
Arizona Public Service Company Pinnacle West Capital utilities and power generation 2014 FERC $3,250,000
Imperial Irrigation District   2014 FERC $12,000,000
Direct Energy Services, LLC   2014 FERC $51,935
Southern California Edison Company Edison International utilities and power generation 2014 FERC $650,000
California Independent System Operator   2014 FERC $6,000,000
Twin Cities Power   2014 FERC $2,500,000
Western Electricity Coordinating Council   2015 FERC $16,000,000
CU Fund, Inc.   2015 FERC $11,160,576
HEEP Fund, LLC   2015 FERC $2,093,100
Powhatan Energy Fund, LLC   2015 FERC $20,265,108
Berkshire Power Company LLC and Power Plant Management Services LLC Tenaska utilities and power generation 2016 FERC $3,042,563
National Energy & Trade, L.P.,   2016 FERC $1,155,225
Maxim Power Corporation   2016 FERC $4,000,000
Barclays Bank PLC Barclays financial services 2017 FERC $105,000,000
ETRACOM LLC   2018 FERC $1,900,000
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(*): Some penalties are partial or complete duplicates of other penalty records, either because a DOJ settlement duplicates an agency record or because EPA listed the full penalty for a company for each of the company's relevant facilities. Penalty amounts marked with an asterisk have been identified by Good Jobs First as duplicating other penalty amounts.